5 Best Practices for Preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Posted in   Sexual Health, The MamaSutra   on  March 29, 2018 by  Lanae minutes remaining

In our ever-evolving society, sexual health remains an essential, yet often overlooked aspect of holistic wellness. As a sex & relationship coach, I’m committed to providing comprehensive, science-backed information to improve your sexual well-being. Today, we’ll explore the realm of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), discussing not just what they are, but also why their prevention is crucial, and, most importantly, the 5 best practices for preventing STIs.

Understanding Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Sexual health is an integral component of our overall well-being. In ensuring we maintain a healthy state, it is crucial to comprehend the nature of certain health challenges we may face. One such challenge is sexually transmitted infections (STIs), which, unfortunately, remain a significant global health issue.

What are STIs?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also known as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are infections that primarily transmit through sexual activities. It’s noteworthy that these activities are not limited to penetrative sex; indeed, STIs can also pass between individuals via oral sex, anal sex, and in some instances, close skin-to-skin contact.

STIs are caused by various agents, including bacteria (such as Chlamydia and Gonorrhea), viruses (like Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Herpes), and parasites (such as Trichomoniasis). They can manifest in many ways; some STIs may present with clear symptoms, including but not limited to itching, unusual discharge, or discomfort, while others may remain asymptomatic, meaning they show no discernible signs. It is this asymptomatic nature that often leads to unintentional spreading, making prevention a critical focus.

Common types of STIs

Navigating the landscape of STIs requires understanding the most common types. The following are prevalent STIs, each with distinct characteristics:

Common types of STIs

  1. Human Papillomavirus (HPV): This is the most common STI, with a substantial portion of sexually active individuals expected to contract at least one form of HPV during their lifetime. Many strains of HPV are harmless and resolve independently, but others can lead to genital warts or even certain types of cancer.
  2. Chlamydia: A bacterial infection, Chlamydia often presents no symptoms but can cause significant reproductive issues if left untreated. Regular screening is essential, as early detection allows for effective treatment with antibiotics.
  3. Gonorrhea: Another bacterial STI, Gonorrhea, can cause symptoms such as discharge and painful urination, but it may also be asymptomatic. Infertility is one of the more serious health problems it can cause if left untreated.
  4. Herpes (HSV): Caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus, this STI presents as oral or genital sores. Though it has no cure, its symptoms can be managed with antiviral medication.
  5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a persistent, potentially fatal illness, can result from this virus’s immune system onslaught. While there’s no cure, it can be managed with antiretroviral therapy.

These STIs represent just a fraction of the diverse array of infections that fall under this umbrella. Recognizing their commonality underscores the importance of preventive measures, which we’ll discuss later.

The Impact of STIs

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) impact individuals and communities at multiple levels. Physical health complications, psychological stress, social stigma, and public health issues all arise from the prevalence of STIs.

Physically, untreated STIs can lead to serious health complications, containing pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and increased susceptibility to other STIs like HIV. Certain STIs, such as HPV, can even lead to certain types of cancer. 

The psychological implications are also significant. Dealing with an STI can induce feelings of shame, guilt, and fear, which can contribute to mental health disease such as depression and anxiety.

The social consequences, including stigma and relationship difficulties, further complicate the picture. Often, individuals with STIs face discrimination and ostracization, which can lead to social isolation and reduced quality of life.

Finally, from a public health perspective, STIs continue to be a global burden, leading to significant healthcare costs and societal challenges.

Why Prevention is Crucial

Why Prevention is Crucial

Given the multifaceted impact of STIs, prevention becomes paramount. Implementing effective preventive measures helps individuals maintain their health, safeguard their fertility, and ensure the well-being of their sexual partners. Moreover, on a community level, preventing STIs helps control the spread of these infections, alleviating the associated public health burden.

Prevention also allows for cost-saving. The cost of preventive measures, such as condoms or vaccines, is substantially less than the cost associated with treating STIs and managing their complications. Additionally, preventing STIs helps save individuals from the emotional distress and societal stigma associated with these infections.

5 Best Practices for Preventing STIs

5 Best Practices for Preventing STIs

Prevention is indeed better than cure, when discussing STIs. Emphasizing preventative strategies can drastically reduce the risk of contracting these infections. Here are five best practices to protect your sexual health.

1. Practice Safe Sex

Safe sex is pivotal in the fight against STIs. This practice incorporates several aspects, with condom use and understanding mutual consent at its core.

Importance of Condom Use

The use of barrier practices, such as condoms, significantly reduces the risk of STI transmission. Condoms act as a barrier, preventing direct contact and exchange of bodily fluids during sexual activity, thus minimizing the chance of contracting an STI. It’s important to note that consistent and correct use of condoms is necessary to maximize their efficacy.

Understanding Mutual Consent

Mutual consent is a non-negotiable aspect of all sexual activity. It involves open communication and respect for personal boundaries, ensuring all involved parties agree to the activities without any form of pressure or coercion. It promotes a healthy sexual relationship while reinforcing the importance of safe practices, including condom use.

2. Regular Testing

Knowing your STI status is crucial, and this knowledge can only be ascertained through regular testing.

Knowing Your Status

Routine STI screening allows individuals to stay informed about their sexual health. Even if you exhibit no symptoms, you could still be carrying an STI, as many remain asymptomatic for extended periods. Knowing your status not only allows you to seek early treatment if needed but also prevents inadvertent transmission to others.

Benefits of Early Detection

Early detection of STIs provides a better prognosis by facilitating prompt treatment. This not only improves individual health outcomes but also reduces the potential for further transmission, contributing to the larger goal of controlling the global spread of these infections.

3. Vaccination

Vaccination plays an integral role in preventing certain types of STIs.

HPV and Hepatitis Vaccines

The vaccines against HPV and Hepatitis B are critical tools in STI prevention. They confer immunity against these infections, significantly reducing their prevalence. It is advisable to get these vaccines within the recommended age and risk groups.

4. Limit Number of Sex Partners

Limiting your number of sexual partners can reduce your risk of contracting STIs.

Risks of Multiple Partners

The risk of diminishing an STI increases with the number of sexual partners. This is because exposure to different individuals broadens the potential sources of infection. By reducing the number of partners, you can limit these potential sources and thus, your overall risk.

5. Open and Honest Communication

A vital yet often overlooked aspect of STI prevention is open and honest communication about sexual health.

Importance of Discussing Sexual Health

Transparent conversations about sexual health, including past and current STI tests, and prevention strategies, are instrumental in fostering trust within sexual relationships. They ensure both parties are aware of and can make well decisions about their sexual health, further reducing the risk of STI transmission.

Taking Responsibility for Your Sexual Health

Taking Responsibility for Your Sexual Health

Taking control of your sexual health is an empowering and crucial step in maintaining overall wellness. This responsibility transcends merely understanding what STIs are; it involves actively pursuing prevention strategies such as practicing safe sex, getting regular screenings, and getting vaccinated when applicable.

Being proactive about your sexual health also means facilitating open dialogues about STIs, your sexual history, and your testing status with your partners. It encompasses setting boundaries, understanding mutual consent, and confining the number of sexual partners to reduce potential risks. It is about making informed decisions that safeguard your conscious and the health of your partners.

Moreover, taking responsibility for your sexual health includes seeking medical help when needed. This action can sometimes be daunting due to the stigma associated with STIs. Still, remember that healthcare professionals are there to provide non-judgmental support and effective treatment to safeguard your health.


Protecting yourself from STIs requires a comprehensive understanding of these infections and a firm commitment to prevention strategies. Remember, the control is in your hands. Regular testing, practicing safe sex, open communication, and vaccination form the pillars of preventing STIs. 

Your sexual health is a significant aspect of your overall prosperity and should be treated as such. With the right information and actions, STIs can be prevented, leading to healthier and safer sexual experiences. Knowledge is power, so continue to educate yourself and others to foster an environment where conversations about sexual health are the norm, not the exception.

Take charge of your sexual health today because you are worth it. Your health is worth it. And a world where STIs are a thing of the past is indeed worth striving for.

As a final thought, remember that education is key to prevention. As a certified sex and relationship coach, I invite you to explore our range of courses on sex education and healthy relationships at The MamaSutra. Each course and workshop is designed to provide you with comprehensive and actionable insights into various aspects of sexual health, helping you to foster healthier and more fulfilling relationships.So why wait? Elevate your understanding and approach to sexual health and relationships today. Click here to view my courses and become the master of your sexual health. Because when it comes to your well-being, every step towards knowledge and understanding counts.

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About the Author Lanae

Dr. Lanae St.John is a Diplomate of the American Board of Sexology and certified sex coach with a background in sexology and a passion for helping people improve their sexual health and relationships. She is the author of "Read Me: A Parental Primer for "The Talk"" and the upcoming "You Are the One: How stopping the search and looking inside will lead you to your romantic destiny," and is committed to staying up-to-date on the latest research and trends in the field. Dr. St.John aims to share her knowledge and expertise in a relatable and approachable way through her blog on themamasutra.com.

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